He wanted to die,(M) and said, “It would be better for me to die than to live.”, 9 But God said to Jonah, “Is it right for you to be angry about the plant?”(N), “It is,” he said. The Book of Jonah (Yonah יונה) is one of the twelve minor prophets included in the Tanakh. Jonah is identified as a prophet and servant of God during the reign of King Jeroboam II of Israel (2 Kings 14:24-25)—between 792 and 753 B.C. 4 Then said the LORD, Doest thou well to be angry? Jonah Goes to Nineveh. There appeared in Jonah remains of a proud, uncharitable spirit; and that he neither expected nor desired the welfare of the Ninevites, but had only come to declare and witness their destruction. 7 But God prepared a worm when the morning rose the next day, and it smote the gourd that it withered. Perhaps creature-comforts are continued to us, but are made bitter; the creature is continued, but the comfort is gone. Let us study our own hearts and ways; let us not forget our own ingratitude and obstinacy; and let us be astonished at God's patience towards us.Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710. 6. What would happen in the church if God moved in a mighty way? (5-11)1-4 What all the saints make matter of joy and praise, Jonah makes the subject of reflection upon God; as if showing mercy were an imperfection of the Divine nature, which is the greatest glory of it. Key Themes . 3 Then the word of the Lord came to Jonah a second time: 2 “Go to the great city of Nineveh and proclaim to it the message I give you.” 3 Jonah obeyed the word of the Lord and went to Nineveh. Nevertheless, the real work of preparation happened in Jonah. We are mistaken if we believe that all of God's people will celebrate the moving of God. b all your waves and your billows. Jonah Resented God’s Compassion (4:2) It may seem strange that Jonah was unhappy that God wanted to forgive the Assyrians until we remember what an enemy Assyria was to Israel. loss of power], Accusations of a lack of authenticity, Concerns about changes that might affect personal comfort levels, or Divisions between the old and new members. (Jon 4:4; Jon 4:9) 2 And he prayed to the Lord and said, “O Lord, is not this what I said when I was yet in my country? and he answered me;. The coming day will burn them up,” says the Lord who rules over all. According to one tradition, Jonah was the boy brought back to life by Elijah the prophet in 1 Kings 17. Lessons--1. Before a new church -- either a state of good and truth with a group of people, or a new state of good an truth in ourselves - can come into existence, a period of temptation, of struggle, must occur. Verses 1-2 The anxious people of Nineveh waited for the 40 daysto end. 6 ו The deepest remorse has its remedy in a return to duty. And he made himself a booth there and sat under it in the shade, until he might see what would happen to the city. Jonah understood some of the depth of God's grace and mercy. New International Version (NIV). But Jonah was very annoyed. Do we do well to be angry at that which is for the glory of God, and the advancement of his kingdom? NIV Reverse Interlinear Bible: English to Hebrew and English to Greek. He is probably seen as a traitor in Israel, and God was now blessing the people that he saw as the scum of the earth. Unfortunately, he did not share those characteristics, preferring to see his enemies destroyed rather than experience redemption. (Nelson’s NKJV Study Bible). The LORD prepared a wind (Jonah 4:8). Jonah 4:3 And now, O LORD, please take my life from me, for it is better for me to die than to live." (F) 3 Now, Lord, take away my life,(G) for it is better for me to die(H) than to live.”(I), 4 But the Lord replied, “Is it right for you to be angry?”(J), 5 Jonah had gone out and sat down at a place east of the city. Jonah 2:4. Thepeople were very glad. When afflicting providences take away relations, possessions, and enjoyments, we must not be angry at God. https://www.insight.org/resources/bible/the-minor-prophets/jonah The leading feature of the story is that of one man sacrificed for the rest of the crew: it is the execution of the culprit, in arrest of judgment on the innocent. and the flood surrounded me;. 6 Then the Lord God provided(K) a leafy plant[a] and made it grow up over Jonah to give shade for his head to ease his discomfort, and Jonah was very happy about the plant. Yet will I look again toward Thy holy temple. 1 But it displeased Jonah exceedingly, and he was very angry. Jonah 4:1-11—Read the Bible online or download free. Jonah 4 is the fourth (and the last) chapter of the Book of Jonah in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. “A gourd”: This seems to be a fast growing plant which in hot climates grows rapidly to … 7 But at dawn the next day God provided a worm, which chewed the plant so that it withered. “It 3 will not leave even a root or branch. In this frame of mind, he overlooked the good of which he had been an instrument, and the glory of the Divine mercy. And Jonah went out of the city and sat on the east of the city. 2 But for you who respect my name, the sun of vindication 4 will rise with healing wings, 5 and you will skip about 6 like calves released from the stall. Do I well to be angry at the mercy of God to repenting sinners? Jonah 4:6 And the LORD God prepared a gourd, and made it to come up over Jonah, that it might be a shadow over his head, to deliver him from his grief. The Lord controlled the elements of weather (Jon. Jonah thought that they deserved it. 2 He prayed to the Lord, “Isn’t this what I said, Lord, when I was still at homeThat is what I tried to forestall by fleeing to Tarshish. Jonah is one of the most ridiculed books by liberal scholars. 1). When nothing happened, they knew that God had heard their prayers toforgive them. In fact, now that God has been compassionate on Nineveh, Jonah would rather die. One soul is of more value than the whole world; surely then one soul is of more value than many gourds: we should have more concern for our own and others' precious souls, than for the riches and enjoyments of this world. (A) 2 He prayed to the Lord, “Isn’t this what I said, Lord, when I was still at home? The least creatures may be great plagues, or great comforts, as God is pleased to make them. There he made himself a shelter, sat in its shade and waited to see what would happen to the city. I knew(B) that you are a gracious(C) and compassionate God, slow to anger and abounding in love,(D) a God who relents(E) from sending calamity. y out of the belly of Sheol I cried,. Upgrade to Bible Gateway Plus, and access the, NIV, Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible, Red Letter Edition: Bringing to Life the Ancient World of Scripture, NIV, Beautiful Word Bible Journal, Luke, Comfort Print, NIV, Beautiful Word Bible Journal, Romans, Comfort Print, NIV, Story of Jesus: Experience the Life of Jesus as One Seamless Story. See how tender God is of his people in their afflictions, even though they are foolish and froward. It is to his sparing, pardoning mercy, we all owe it that we are out of hell. Jonah 4:5 So Jonah went out of the city, and sat on the east side of the city, and there made him a booth, and sat under it in the shadow, till he might see what would become of the city. Jonah 4:6, "[~Yahweh] ['Elohiym]," the compound name of God found in the Book of Genesis. Jonah acknowledged God’s sovereignty (verses 1-3), and submitted to it (verses 4-9). 2 And he prayed unto the LORD, and said, I pray thee, O LORD, was not this my saying, when I was yet in my country? This book contains the prophecies attributed to the prophet Jonah, and is a part of the Book of the Twelve Minor Prophets. But they could not, for the sea grew even wilder than before. The story of a fish swallowing a man and the man living sounds impossible, and since most liberal scholars deny the possibility of the supernatural, they reject the book of Jonah as anything but a fairy tale. It sprang up overnight and died overnight. Therefore I fled before unto Tarshish: for I knew that thou art a gracious God, and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and repentest thee of the evil. That was Jonah's crime. Jonah repines at God's mercy to Nineveh, and is reproved. It merely begins with an … And murmurers shall be made to understand, that how willing soever they are to keep the Divine grace to themselves and those of their own way, there is one Lord over all, who is rich in mercy to all that call upon him. Jonah 4:8, "[~'Elohiym]," the personal God, sends the worm. He wishes for death: this was the language of folly, passion, and strong corruption. They were a vicious and violent people (as were most nations in those days). The backslider’s vow. Now Jonah had left the city and found a place east of the city. Jonah 4:1-2. Jonah 4:1-3. Jonah’s Anger at the Lord ’s Compassion. Now Nineveh was a very large city; it took three days to go through it. 13 Instead, the men did their best to row back to land. The second movement is (in verses 5-6) and the third movement is (in verses 7-9). When God called him the first time, Jonah suspected that God wastoo kind to punish Nineveh. z and you heard my voice.. 3 a For you cast me into the deep,. Now l Nineveh was an exceedingly great city, 1 three days’ journey in breadth. So Jonah was exceeding glad of the gourd. The Question of God (Jonah 4:4-8) Jonah 4:4. 4 But to Jonah this seemed very wrong, and he became angry. Some would rejoice and some would leave! 4 But to Jonah this seemed very wrong, and he became angry. The New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures is published by Jehovah’s Witnesses. into the heart of the seas,. Most of those statemen… 3 Then the word of the L ord came to Jonah the second time, saying, 2 “Arise, go to l Nineveh, that great city, and call out against it the message that I tell you.” 3 So Jonah arose and went to Nineveh, according to the word of the L ord. Jon 4:5 JONAH WENT OUT AND SAT DOWN AT A PLACE EAST OF THE CITY. As Jonah waited for the destruction of Nineveh, God provided what to shade him. 10 Then said the LORD, Thou hast had pity on the gourd, for the which thou hast not laboured, neither madest it grow; which came up in a night, and perished in a night: 11 And should not I spare Nineveh, that great city, wherein are more than sixscore thousand persons that cannot discern between their right hand and their left hand; and also much cattle? He tried to stop it by fleeing (ch. Jonah 2:1 "Then Jonah prayed unto the LORD his God out of the fish's belly," "Then Jonah prayed": When he was in the fish's belly. See How They All Connect. The book of Jonah demonstrates the sovereignty of the Almighty as he employs his creation to accomplish the divine plan.

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